A surgical mask is a piece of personal protection equipment used by healthcare workers that acts as a mechanical barrier that prevents direct airflow into and out of respiratory orifices. It is sometimes referred to by other names, such as a medical face mask or a procedure mask (that is the nose and mouth). This aids in lowering the risk of respiratory droplets released when coughing, sneezing, strong exhalation, accidentally spitting while talking, and other respiratory activities spreading infections and other aerosolized contaminants between the user and those in close proximity. surgical, isolation, dental, or medical procedure masks are some of the names given to surgical masks.
Despite the fact that the material used to create surgical masks would filter out some viruses and bacteria by capturing the aerosol dispersed in the air breathed, they only offer partial protection from airborne infections.